it's immoral to leave the world's poor in the dark - indoor air cleaner

by:Yovog     2019-07-25
it\'s immoral to leave the world\'s poor in the dark  -  indoor air cleaner
One of the most neglected development success stories at the moment is that the population without electricity supply is below 1 billion for the first time since the start of the record.
New data from the International Energy Agency (IEA)
In 2017, 0. 12 billion people received electricity, which means that more people today have access to electricity than ever before.
All villages in India have electricity.
In Indonesia, the electrified rate was 95%, up from 50% in 2000.
Kenya's access rate has increased from 8% in 2000 to 73%, while Ethiopia has increased its access rate from 5% to 45%.
Modern energy supplies change people's lives in many ways.
Energy not only powers children to do homework and light up the streets to make their lights safer, but also power refrigerators that keep food hygiene and vaccines available, bringing health care and education into modern technology and allowing economic development, business enterprises and industrialism that can only be achieved through modern agriculture.
By stopping the poor from cooking and heating with wood, cardboard and feces, modern energy also helps to eliminate indoor air pollution, the world's largest environmental killer, claiming 4.
3 million people live every year.
The number of people who were unable to use clean cooking facilities began to decrease gradually, partly due to increased dependence on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
And improved biomass stoves.
In China, the number of people without clean cooking decreased by 15% compared to 2010.
In Myanmar, dependence on biomass fell from 94% in 2009 to 76% in 2015, largely replaced by electricity.
In Ethiopia, nearly 5% of urban households now use electricity to cook meals, compared with less in 2011.
In South Africa, electricity is now the main clean cooking fuel used in three countries
The National quarter of the family.
The provision of modern energy through the power grid electrified and the provision of liquefied petroleum gas and cleaner stoves has expired.
But the movement between rich countries threatens the slow pace of progress, which is threatened. The well-
For the thought leaders of the rich world, this trend is intentional, but also dangerous. They declared that poor countries should "surpass" the industrialized old technologies of the developed world.
This comes down to ignoring the all-grid access that relies on fossil fuels in almost all places, but using "micro-
A grid like a rooftop solar panel.
They can power light bulbs and cell phone chargers, but are far from enough to power cooking and heating, not to mention agriculture and industry.
The most prominent (and very rare)
In fact, the example of the leap is the mobile phone.
This is to illustrate how poor countries have bypassed the cumbersome landlines of rich countries and ended up with cheaper and better communication.
However, as a metaphor for how solar and wind can help, it fails miserably: of course, you can charge your phone with solar panels, but this only accounts for about 1% of the phone's energy consumption.
Another 99% comes from the production of power supply for mobile towers, mobile phones and servers, all of which are
Electricity grids in almost all places require fossil fuels.
In many international estimates, if everyone gets an energy supply of 50 KW hours a year, it is considered that the energy supply has been achieved.
In other words, if a poor person is considered a "mission done" on a submarine"
In less than two days, sub-Saharan Africa can get as much energy in a year as the average American uses.
Although it is better than nothing at 50 KW hours, it is far from enough.
The first rigorous test on the impact of solar panels on the lives of the poor found that they were given more power, but other than that, there was no measurable impact on their lives: they did not increase their savings or spending, did not have more work or start a business, nor did their children learn more.
In contrast, a study in Bangladesh shows that the power grid is electrified (
Mainly fossil fuels)
Significant positive impact on household income, expenditure and education.
The average income of electrified households increased by 21%, an increase of 1.
Poverty is reduced by 5% per year.
Please note that the rich are not willing to live with the meager electricity provided by the micro-grid, nor are they generally dependent on renewable energy.
Around the world, fossil fuel production is almost double.
All electricity thirty [64. 9%]
There are also 26% of nuclear and hydropower production.
According to the International Energy Agency, solar, wind, waves and creatures
Energy is generating less than 9% of the electricity, which may be due to huge subsidies, totaling $160 billion this year.
Even in "green" Germany, more than half of the electricity comes from fossil fuels.
Rich countries are powering their own development through fossil fuels, and it is now recommended that poor countries have no more reliable energy in the name of the environment.
This is the wrong way.
We need to make more breakthroughs in green energy so that they can replace fossil fuels on a large scale.
But we have to make sure we live.
The changing power of electricity continues.
There are still 1 billion people in the world without electricity.
It is immoral and hypocritical to leave them in the dark.
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