impact of improved stoves, house construction and child location on levels of indoor air pollution exposure in young guatemalan children - indoor air cleaner
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of improved stoves, house ventilation and child location on indoor air pollution and child exposure levels of rural Guatemala population dependent on wooden fuels.
The study was a random sample of 204 households in a rural village in the western highlands of Guatemala with children under 18 months. Socio-
Economic and family information was obtained through interviews and observations. Twenty-
Carbon monoxide for 4 hours (CO)
The Gastec diffuser is used as the primary measure of all household kitchen contamination and child exposure. Twenty-
4 hours kitchen pm3
5 is measured in a random subsample (n=29)
Kitchen with co
Located in CO tube.
Almost 50% of households still use open flames, and about 30% use chimney stoves (planchas)
Mainly from a big donor.
The rest of the households used a variety of combinations, including bottled natural gas and open fire. The 24-
H kitchen company is the lowest for families with their own
Planchas purchased: average (95% CI)CO of 3. 09u2009ppm (1. 87–4. 30)vs. 12. 4u2009ppm (10. 2–14. 5)for open fires.
The ranking of CO exposure in children was found to be the same, but the difference in proportion was small (P