environmental issues in china: the country's top 6 concerns - carbon air purifier
From Marc Lallanilla, assistant editor of Life Science: China's environmental crisis seems to be as massive and epic as this huge country is: thousands of deaths, bloated pigs floating on the River provide drinking water for Shanghai.
Air pollution in Beijing is unbearable for the United States. S.
The embassy's air quality inspection station can only call it a "Beyond index ".
Industrial towns with such high cancer rates are called cancer villages ".
"What's more complicated is that the Chinese government remains silent about anything that could jeopardize China's economic development --
Including environmental regulations.
But China's population is becoming increasingly unstable.
Now, 3 billion people are asking the government to take action to fight the deadly plague of pollution and disease that has plagued the 21 st century's economic powers. [
The 10 most polluted places on Earth
However, Chinese officials have hardly begun to acknowledge the problem.
At the same time, the Chinese people are forced to face the following environmental disasters every day: according to the size of the air quality of the Environmental Protection Bureau, air pollution, any pollution level of more than 300 means that breathing air is unsafe.
According to the United States, in this case, one should keep the indoor air purifier running and keep it as still as possibleS.
Beijing embassy guide
According to The Washington Post, in January alone, the Beijing index exceeded the threshold of 300, and more than 500 of the readings are no longer rare. On Jan.
12. Reading reaches the eyes-
Bleeding 886, equivalent to living in the smoking lounge.
Manufacturing and Beijing 5 million-
Cars also cause serious air pollution in cities, but most experts blame it on coal pollution.
Power plants that power China's rapid economic growth.
According to the New York Times, China now burns 47% of the world's coal, about the sum of all other countries in the world.
Beijing is surrounded by huge coal networks
Burning power plant
But still, the air in Beijing is not even the worst in China: in the far west of China, this dubious honor is attributed to lumzi, chinese cities such as Lanzhou and Linfen are also frequently listed on the list of the world's most polluted cities. [
Ten ways to destroy the Earth
While thousands of dead pigs floating in Shanghai are dramatic, they may be the least feared for water pollution in China.
In January, a chemical accident leaked benzene, a known cancer.
Agent, into a tributary of the Huangpu River (
Where dead pigs are found).
More than 20 people were hospitalized and local residents were forced to rely on fire engines to transport safe drinking water, the Wall Street Journal reported.
According to The Economist, more than half of China's surface water is contaminated and undrinkable.
It is so dangerous that it cannot even be used for industrial purposes.
Groundwater is not safe, according to Reuters: about 40% of China's farmland depends on groundwater irrigation, with an estimated 90% contaminated.
The Economist described about 60% of underground water in Chinese cities as "serious pollution ". Last December —
Soon after his sister died of lung cancer at 35.
Jin Zengmin, a businessman from Zhejiang, provided 200,000 pounds. yuan ($32,000)
Reward any local environmental officer who will swim in a nearby river, where Kim used to swim. com reports.
The river is now stained with sludge from upstream shoe factories.
His reward has not been recovered.
China has thousands of years of intensive agricultural history, so it may not be surprising that most of the country's regions.
7 million square metersmile (9.
6 million square kilometers)
The territory was cut down.
Population pressures, the transformation of forests into farmland, hydropower and other infrastructure projects put China's remaining forests at risk.
This prompted the United Nations Environment Programme to list the country's forests as threatened and protected.
Following the development of deforestation and agriculture is the desert, and the destruction of vegetation cover leads to a landscape of bare soil and rocks.
(About 1 million square miles)2. 6 million square kilometers)
Now China's land is being
According to the news agency, the national land area is distributed in 18 provinces in the quarter.
Dazzling sandstorms, mud
Blocked rivers and eroded surface soil are often the result of the desert.
Although recent progress has been made in re-afforestation and restoration of grasslands, the desert continues to expand by about 950 square miles per year (2,460 sq km)
According to the World Wildlife Foundation (WWF). [
Drought and dryness: clear image of drought]
The loss of cultivated land caused by this has created a generation of "ecology"
As traditional agricultural lifestyles are no longer an option, migrants are forced to leave their homes, The Guardian reported.
"We have made progress, but we are facing serious challenges," Liu Tuo, China's anti-sand official, told the Guardian . ".
"China may need 300.
"Biodiversity closely related to deforestation and deserts is a problem with habitat loss and the resulting decline in biodiversity.
As large forests are cleared up as farmland, bamboo forests, wood and fuel wood, it is difficult for endangered animals like pandas to survive.
China's problems with species loss go far beyond China's borders: the slaughter of elephants for ivory, the killing of rhinos for horns, and the killing of tigers for bones (as medicine)and penises (As a spring medicine)
The Chinese market is one of the main sources.
Sharks are on the verge of extinction worldwide, mainly because of shark fins
Remove the dorsal fin from the stationary stateliving sharks —
Chinese cuisine famous for shark fin soup.
Perhaps no other problem highlights China's reckless disregard for the environment and public health more than the existence of the "cancer Village", "The entire town that has been written off as polluting so badly, living there alone is at risk of cancer.
Over the years, individuals and groups have launched a desperate campaign to force the government to address the following issues
According to the BBC, the incidence of stomach, liver, kidney and colon cancer is high in some areas, usually adjacent to heavy industrial complexes.
According to Reuters, in the southern city of Shangba, Guangdong province, the rivers flowing through the town changed from white to orange due to the different types of industrial wastewater.
It is well known that many pollutants in rivers, such as cadmium and zinc, cause cancer.
"All the fish are dead, even the chickens and ducks drunk from the river are dead.
If you put your legs in the water, you will have a rash and severe itching, "He Shuncai, 34, said. year-
Shang Ba Lao Nong told Reuters reporters.
"Last year alone, six people in our village died of cancer, in their thirties and forties.
"In February, a report from China's Ministry of Environment pointed out that chemicals and heavy metals banned by other countries were found all over China.
The report goes on to note that "there have been some serious health and social problems in individual areas, such as cancer villages," and this is the first time that officials have acknowledged that this has plagued the country for decades.
China's population growth
The "children" policy is generally considered to have effective control over the population of the country.
Nevertheless, there is still about one country in China.
3 billion peopleover one-
The seventh resident on Earth lives in this country.
What is more important for environmental advocates is that China's middle class is becoming richer, and they are now adopting Western
While commodities such as red meat, liquor and cars were once considered prohibited luxury goods, more and more families are driving to the market to buy beef tenderloin, 120-
Proof of consumer goods such as liquor.
Health risks associated with such purchases have not been overlooked: overdrinking and drinking
According to the British Guardian, the related inpatient treatment has reached a "prevalence" in China.
Who once enjoyed a relatively healthy diet and a low incidence of cancer
Now eat twice as much meat as Americans.
According to The Daily Telegraph, the quarterly supply of the world.
These consumption trends have multiplied in a densely populated country, affecting global changes from sugar prices in Europe to climate change in Greenland: most climate experts believe that, industrial growth in China and its dependence on coal
Burning is an important driver of climate change, according to scientific Americans.
Can China change its direction?
While China's traditionally stubborn government hierarchy seems to value economic development at all costs, including the health of its citizens and the entire ecological environment.
Destruction, there are signs of unfreezing in the cold silence that covers many of the country's environmental operations.
Wang Canfa, an environmental lawyer, told AFP that the government recently admitted the existence of the cancer village "shows that the Ministry of Environment has admitted that pollution has caused people to suffer from cancer. Presse.
"This shows that the problem of environmental pollution causing health damage has attracted attention.
"Coupled with public outcry over the toxic smog that covered Beijing earlier this year, it is hoped that the Chinese people will succeed in controlling their environment to some extent.
Back from government and industry leaders.
It remains to be seen whether they will succeed.
Email Marc Lallanilla or follow him @ MarcLallanilla.
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